increase extraction of light fractions from crude oil
increase depth of processing (distillation) of natural oil
or intensification oil treating
( reducing the cost of refining crude oil )

increase extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil


increase extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil  crude oil  natural petroleum - intensification processing increase volume of light fractions


distillation oil increase extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil  crude oil  natural petroleum - intensification processing increase volume of light fractions


1. Introduction

The increase extraction of light fractions from crude oil
(increase depth of processing of natural oil or intensification of oil refining).
Myths about the technology crammed internet. Many talk and promise. 5%, 10%, 15%, or even 20%. They write a lot, a lot of documents signed by no one, even more beautiful images and presentations, quite a few tests, but any tests from the certified scientific laboratories. Talk and write a lot. It is necessary for everyone. But not working anywhere. Paradox?

First time, we show the results obtained and proved on laboratory crude flash tower that completely mimic the processes occurring in the real industrial crude flash tower.

Each oil distillation analysis costs $ 4000. We conducted dozens of tests for different grades of crude oil. The average total range increasing extraction (gasoline or diesel, depending from crude oil type and technological regime ) from 3% up to 7%.

We'll show you some results and some conclusions, and then we'll talk on joint work.

Left - Illustrations fractional composition of crude oil.

In April 2012, in Moscow, Russian Federation, we have conducted a series of research works with nonchemical processing of crude oil in order to determine potential and opportunities to improve the rheological properties of crude oil. The main question - is it possible to increase the amount of light fractions in natural oil. Increase the amount of gasoline and/or diesel fuel.

We have processed several crude oil samples from different origins on our industrial module TM-15. Temperature of oil processing : 0+25 ° C, it corresponds to the standard oil storage tank farmt emperature.

Then we investigated the changes in the fractional composition (fractional distillation) initial and received oil samples. For analysis, we used such laboratories - own laboratory's own tank farm (1), TEST CENTER All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Refining ( VNII NP ) (2), 25th State Research Institute of Chemmotology of Russian Defense Ministry(the 25th Research Institute) (3). laboratory apparatus family of ARN by "Method B", in accordance with GOST 2177-99.

The specifics of our analysis is that the distillation was carried out up to 360 ° C instead of defining by standard 300 ° C,
in practice, it may be followed by high-temperature cracking of crude oil and in result a not entirely correct results at temperatures over 300 ° C. But as conditions for all test samples (initial and resulting treatment) remained the same, it eliminates the possible error as a systematic.

To eliminate possible errors and obtain the most accurate results, some samples were sent to an independent testing center "Joint Research and Development Center" (4) to determine the fractional composition in the temperature range up to 360 ° C by simulated distillation on laboratory crude flash tower with fifteen stages of separation ( method ASTM D 2892 ).

Initial samples were provided by oil companies to the test -
OJSC "Tatneft", JSC "KALMNEFT", LLC "Bologoenefteprodukt", "Ilsky" REFINERY, refinery and a number of small refineries. Quality parameters of the initial samples of natural oil in accordance with GOST R 51858-2002 presented in the appropriate quality certificates.

Below - a distillation of initial and treated samples of crude oil. Using "Method B" GOST 2177-99 with modified final boiling point ( 360 ° C instead of the standard 300 ° C ). (Tables - gasoline, kerosene, diesel fractions).


1. LLC "Bologoenefteprodukt" (sample №2) - results
Processing date - 25.03.2012. Date of analysis - 26.03.2012.
TR-3 - Technological processing mode
(One of the passports of oil below)

left column - original oil, right column - processed oil
increase increase extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil  crude oil  natural petroleum - intensification processing increase volume of light fractions oil extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil
intensification crude oil treating reducing the cost of refining crude oil
intensification crude oil treating reducing the cost of refining crude oil

2. "Ilsky" Refinery - Results
Processing date - 18.04.2012. Date of analysis - 19.04.2012.
TR - [1,2,3] - different technological modes of processing
left column - original oil, right column - processed oil

increase extraction increase extraction light fractions from crude oil depth processing natural oil intensification oil treating reducing cost of refining crude oil  crude oil  natural petroleum - intensification processing increase volume of light fractions light fractions from crude oil increase depth of processing of natural oil
Table distyatsii crude oil pretreatment of crude oil to increase the amount of light fractions
 

3. LLC "Leninogorskneft" (OJSC "Tatneft") - Results
Processing date - 23.04.2012. Date of analysis - 24.04.2012.
TP - [ 1,2,3 ] - different technological modes of processing.
left column - original oil, right column - processed oil

energy-saving technologies new technologies distillation cracking distillation of natural oil
energy-saving technologies new technologies distillation cracking distillation of natural oil
 

4. JSC "KALMNEFT" - results
Processing date - 25.04.2012. Date of analysis - 26.04.2012.
TP - [1,2,3] - different technological modes of processing.

left column - original oil, right column - processed oil
reagentless pretreatment of crude oil
Table distyatsii crude oil pretreatment of crude oil to increase the amount of light fractions
 

5. The second series of experiments (with changing modes of processing oil) gave the following results:

In the temperature interval up to 360 ° C - increase of light fractions is 3.5%.
In the temperature range 355 ° C - increase of light fractions is 6.5%.
In the temperature interval 350 ° C - increase of light fractions is 7.8%,
... to 340 and 320 ° C - 9,78% and 11% respectively.

additionally :

- Initial boiling point decreased to 11 ° C ( from 65 ° up to 54 °)
- Exit "broad" straight-run gasoline fraction (BP - 180 ° C) increased by 33%
- Exit "broad" virgin diesel fraction (160 - 360 ° C) decreased by 7.5%
- The output fraction 320-360 ° C, containing high-melting paraffins C20-C24, significantly worsening the low temperature properties of diesel fuel (DF), decreased by 15%.

Carrying out a large series of experiments, we can say, that the most typical graph of change properties of processed crude oil (in this mode) is this.

energy-saving technologies new technologies distillation cracking distillation of natural oil

6. The third series of experiments gave the following results

1. As a result nonchemical processing crude oil withour industrial machine there are changes in hydrocarbon composition, which is accompanied by a significant decrease in viscosity (19%) and the density (9 units).

2. The total amount of light fractions, as a result of processing, increased by 3.5%, indicating intensive degradation of the residual hydrocarbon oil fraction (360 ° C). It should be consider that our tests were carried out with mixture of crude oil and gas condensate. In this way, the expected effect on normal or heavy viscous crude oil will be higher.

3. A result of processing nature oil ( in the selected processing mode ), the amount of light fractions greatly shifted in the direction of gasoline. This proves that the process intensive destruction of hydrocarbon residual fraction 360 ° C. to form shorter molecules (with the smaller number of carbon atoms in the molecule) and radicals. As well as facilitating the fractional composition in the temperature range up to 360 ° C, whereby part the diesel fraction of hydrocarbons goes into gasoline.

As a result of oil treatment, significantly increased content of hydrocarbons C5-C6, which are extremely valuable component as a raw material for the process of isomerization.

4. Despite the that the amount of the diesel fraction is reduced, low-temperature properties of future diesel fuels will be much better, by the significant reduction in the proportion of high-melting paraffins C20-C24. This greatly influences level of Сloud Point and a fuel minimum temperature of filterability. At the same time temperature range of boiling 20% and 90%, determining loyalty to the action of fuel depressants, it remains unchanged, which is a very positive result.

Ie there is a simultaneous improvement in the low temperature properties of diesel fuel by reducing the proportion of high melting paraffin hydrocarbons maintaining high pick-up to the action of depressants This allows to produce diesel fuel with higher low-temperature properties.

7. If necessary, the process parameters may be significantly changed, thus intensify the content of light fractions in the desired temperature range, to provide individual needs.

8. Why are we talking about select of individual processing? Example:

While processing a new batch crude oil from "Leninogorskneft" (Tatneft), obtained the following results:

The density increases, the volume of the gasoline fraction is not changed, the volume of diesel fraction is increased by 5-7%, but at the end (340-360 degrees). As a result of the increase in research of light fractions in the range of up to 360 degrees increased by 10.2%! The viscosity at 20 Celsius degrees increased by 12%.

Narrower fractions:

1. Starting point - 85 ° C + 200%.
2. Start point - 150: C + 18%.
3. 85-180: + 9%.
3. 160-360 + 6%.
4. 180-360: + 7.3%.
5. 180-320: + 1.85%.

reagentless pretreatment of crude oil
9. Additional Information.

Simplified "cutting" of this technology have been tried in Turkey, Kremenchug ( Ukraine oil refineries with mix of oil and gas condensate) and Poltava ( Ukraine - with mix of oil and gas condensate). That "simplified cutting" for security reasons for the technology and evaluating the impact on oil in a simplified format. The result increased the diesel fraction up to 2-2.5%.
Special attention deserves the fact of destruction of heavy tars (on laboratory crude flash tower up to 540 degrees of the original and processed oil, it is big practical interest for later catalytic cracking).
low temperature cold cracking cavitation destruction tars change the fractional composition of petroleum feedstock
Bottom photo
- 2 samples of heavy fuel oil (M-100), which were made in the summer of 2009.

A drop of black oil left - a standard fuel oil M-100.
A drop of black oil right - the same black oil that has been processed by a fuel oil homogenizer TRGA-10 in 2009.


We see that right drop is more dry, i.e. under the same conditions (volume, surface evaporation, temperature and time) higher amounts of hydrocarbons vaporized from the right. I.e. fractional composition of the heavy black oil, which was homogenized 6 years ago, is still lighter than the same black oil original.
increase volume light fractions in heavy fuel oil hfo crude oil after homogenization in fuel oil homogenizer
10. In this way, the general conclusions. 1.

This technology, which was tested with the participation of the most eminent Russian oil institutions. Facts increasing the volume of light petroleum products, in the preliminary, nonchemical processing of crude oil, using our equipment and other technological methods - proven conclusively.

TEST CENTER All-Russian Research Institute of Oil Refining ( VNII NP ) (2),
25th State Research Institute of
Chemmotology of Russian Defense Ministry
(the 25th Research Institute) (3)
.
laboratory apparatus family of ARN by "Method B", in accordance with GOST 2177-99 and
ASTM D 2892
.

 

2. All experimental work executed at our industrial equipment and the possibility of a negative scale effect is zero.

3. Mid-range increased light fractions volume of gasoline and/or diesel fuel from 3.5 up to 7%.

4. The range depends from the composition of the original oil and the treatment regime.

5. The processing mode may be selected experimentally in a predetermined direction, namely - to increase the diesel fraction, or fraction of straight run gasoline.

6. By the way, we have a "mono-additives" that allow you to increase the octane number of of straight run gasoline up to 92 units. (This is not an additive package).

7. This project can be realized at your refinery, if :

providing exact data your oil distillation, the exact problem formulation ( determination of the goal - which faction should be increased ) and short research works on with your oil and on our installation in Moscow.

8. What can I say about the money ? Do You need this installation for You refinery or not? A simple example.

The increase volume of light petroleum products ( light fractions of diesel fuel or gasoline ) by 1%, for the Kremenchug refinery (Ukraine), in time of 45% loading with light oil, according to the calculations of their experts, provides economic benefit $ 400 000 per month.

9. What can I say about the running time of our equipment ? Minimum of 2 years. Many of our systems work reliably 4-5 years ...

10. What do I need to add important ? Internet is full references to such technologies. But they work only in the laboratory or in a laboratory desktop layouts, or, more often, their authors never made comparative tests on laboratory crude flash tower ...

 

11. Information for investors.

We invite You to work together for the using this technology. Why ?


1. This technique is very difficult to steal. The hardware for the customer will use the homogenizers design that have never been produced before and it will be produced exclusively for this purpose. The new "petroleum" homogenizers series TRGA, have less flow resistance, more high-impact on oil, greater productivity and minimal fouling.

This is not a rotary homogenizer - monsters with the size as engines of minivan, it is not improved versions of alcohol-water mixers, our systems safe for long-term operation, saves your energy, increase your income and capitalization, lower costs for heating oil and the amount of waste oil in the form of tar and sludge residues.

2. Many used technical solutions "not obvious" and are away from the usual schemes.

3. Every project is preceded by a individual low-cost research work todetermine optimal or desired mode. This procedure gives the customer the opportunity to see the reality of our proposals and technical solutions, and for us in the real intentions of each client.


4. We do not sell and will never sell small size installation "on trial" - ie completely ruled out the possibility of leakage of technical information.

5. To further intensify the process of change in fractional composition of oil, we can offer tailor-made additives own production, the effect of the application one are multiples exceeds their cost.

6. The cost of the complete system is much larger than the funds for industrial espionage
for the majority of the refinery.

In this way, your investment and financial interests is significantly protected from copying.


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Photo of equipment - not published.
Author photos and most of the results: Andrei Serov (Moscow) and a bit me ...



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